K is for Kingdoms
There were three kingdoms in ancient Egypt, the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom.
The Old Kingdom
- The earliest pyramids were built in this period, such as the Step Pyramid, which was the first pyramid to be built, and the famous pyramids at Giza.
- This was a prosperous period for ancient Egypt.
- Pharaohs were credited with supernatural powers, and had absolute authority. They were thought to be gods on Earth.
- The sun god Ra was important during this period, and many obelisks were built for him in Egyptian temples.
- Pharaohs were buried in pyramids only in this time period, which is why it is also known as 'The Pyramid Age'.
The Middle Kingdom
- This was Egypt's Golden Age. Trade, the arts and literature thrived, and strong armies were built to fend off Egypt's neighbours.
- During this age, Pharaohs were buried in hidden tombs rather than in pyramids. This is because they realised pyramids are easy to find, and therefore easy to rob.
- These tombs were hidden so well, there are still undiscovered tombs out there to this day.
The New Kingdom
- There was great prosperity in Egypt during the New Kingdom.
- It was Egypt's expansion period. Egypt became a world power, expanding her borders through military conquest.
- During this time period, Pharaohs were all powerful, and were all buried in the same area: the Valley of the Kings.