R is for Red and Black Lands
Ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as divided into two types of land: the red land and the black land.
- The red land was the barren desert, protecting Egypt on two sides from neighbouring countries and invading armies. They were also a source for precious metals and stones.
- The black land was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile. This was used for crop growing, and was the only land in Egypt that could be used for crop growth.