G is for Gods
Gods and goddesses were very important in ancient Egyptian times, and therefore a great many were worshipped. Ancient Egyptians believed that if they did not recognise and worship these gods and goddesses, life would not go smoothly. Some took part in creation, others brought the flood of the Nile every year, some offered protection to Egyptian people while others took care of people in the afterlife. There were also local gods who represented towns, and minor gods who represented plants or animals.
These are some of the most important Egyptian gods and goddesses:
|Anubis - taken from here|
- Anubis - the god of funerals and death, often painted on the walls of tombs as Egyptians believed him to be the protector of the dead. He is usually shown as a jackal or a wild dog.
- Bastet - the goddess of cats, women and children. She is usually shown with a cat's head.
- Bes - thought to protect women in childbirth, children and families against evil influences. He was small and human-like, and wore a feathered headdress and a lion's skin.
|Horus - taken from here|
- Horus - the son of Osiris and Isis, known as the god of the sky. He lost his eye fighting Seth, who killed Osiris. Horus is believed to give power to the Pharaohs. He is usually shown as a falcon.
- Isis - the goddess of motherhood and love. She is the wife and sister of Osiris and the mother of Horus, and brought Osiris back to life after he was killed by Seth.
- Osiris - the god of the underworld. He was killed by Seth, who wanted to take his place as king, but was brought back to life by Isis. He was usually shown as human. It was believed that all Pharoahs became an Osiris when they died.
|Ra - taken from here|
- Ra - the god of creation. He is usually shown as a falcon with the sun on his head. He was believed to have created the world; the rising sun was therefore the symbol of creation and renewal.
- Sekhmet - the goddess of medicine, war and pestilence. She was usually shown with a lion's head. One of the oldest groups of doctors and vets were known as the priests of Sekhmet.
- Seth - the god of chaos. He murdered Osiris and plucked out Horus's eye. He is shown with a greyhound-like body, a curved muzzle, almond eyes and long straight pointed ears.
- Thoth - the god of wisdom and writing. Thoth helped Isis to bring Osiris back from the dead. He had two forms - an ibis bird and the baboon.
There are a lot more ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses, but I've been trying to keep these posts short. My favourites are Bastet (I love cats, what can I say) and Thoth, of course, being the writing god.
What are yours?